Two of the strategic objectives of the MaB Strategy expressly mention youth. It takes into account the importance of youth for the sustainable use of Biosphere Reserve resources and the possibilities for economic development of young people within them.
In addition, the Lima Declaration, in point 16, commits to improve governance so that local communities are involved in decision-making in their territory. Highlighting the importance of the indigenous people and youth communities.
We must also take into account the Global Programme of Action for Education for Sustainable Development due to its very relevant importance for young people as it acts on education and learning. The function of this programme is to reorient and strengthen learning by promoting programmes and activities that contribute to sustainable development. It also aims at empowering youth.
To achieve the expected results of the strategic objectives of the MaB Programme, youth must be empowered. For all this, we need concrete proposals and actions with the aim of empowering youth.
Three proposals are made below in three different areas: governance, information and communication.
The youth in the MAB Strategy 2015-2025
Strategic Objective 1. Conserve biodiversity, restore and enhance ecosystem services, and foster the sustainable use of natural resources
1.3 Effective, equitable and participatory planning for sustainable development in biosphere reserves specifically takes into account the rights, needs and capacities of young people, as well as women and indigenous and local communities, and their ownership, and access to and sustainable use of natural resources in and around biosphere reserves.
Strategic Objective 2. Contribute to building sustainable, healthy and equitable societies, economies and thriving human settlements in harmony with the biosphere
2.3 Biosphere reserves act as models to explore, establish and demonstrate innovative approaches that foster the resilience of communities and opportunities for youth, through livelihood diversification, green businesses and social enterprise, including responsible tourism and quality economies.
The youth in Global Action Programme on ESD
The Global Action Programme (GAP) on ESD seeks to generate and scale-up ESD action. It is intended to make a substantial contribution to the post-2015 agenda. The overall goal of the GAP is to generate and scale up action in all levels and areas of education and learning to accelerate progress towards sustainable development. The GAP has two objectives: to reorient education and learning so that everyone has the opportunity to acquire the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes that empower them to contribute to sustainable development – and make a difference; and to strengthen education and learning in all agendas, programmes and activities that promote sustainable development. The GAP focuses on five priority action areas: advancing policy, integrating sustainability practices into education and training environments (whole-institution approaches), increasing the capacity of educators and trainers, empowering and mobilizing youth, and encouraging local communities and municipal authorities to develop community-based ESD programmes.
The youth in Lima Declaration on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme and its World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR)
- Underlining that such a global movement will be characterized by a wider and more active role of local communities in developing and deciding actions on the ground in biosphere reserves, and also by new partnerships between science and policy, between scientists and decision makers, between national and local governance, between public and private sector actors, and among decision-making bodies, citizen groups and organizations, and in particular indigenous, as well as youth communities.